The legislation on cannabis

The legislation on cannabis in brief

The information contained on this site does not replace the text of the law, which has an official status. In addition, it is not exhaustive.

Notice concerning the Act
On December 5, 2018, the Government of Québec tabled in the National Assembly a bill to amend the regulation of cannabis in Québec. Note that the provisions of the Act currently in force continue to apply.

Québec’s cannabis regulations are contained in the Act to constitute the Société québécoise du cannabis, to enact the Cannabis Regulation Act and to amend various highway safety-related provisions. This overview of the main measures includes: 

Possession of cannabis

Total prohibition for minors

It is prohibited for minors to possess or to give cannabis.

30 grams in a public place

It is possible to possess 30 grams of dried cannabis or its equivalent in a public place.

150 grams in a private residence

In the case of a private residence, the possession limit of 150 grams of dried cannabis or its equivalent applies regardless of the number of persons of full age who live there. For example, if three persons of full age live in the same residence, the limit is still 150 grams. Moreover, an adult may not possess more than a total of 150 grams of dried cannabis or its equivalent in several places other than public places, in particular, in all of his or her residences.

Possession prohibited in certain places

It is prohibited to possess cannabis in certain places, in particular certain places accessible to minors, such as:

  • on the grounds, premises or in buildings providing preschool education services, elementary and secondary school instructional services, educational services in vocational training or educational services to adults in general education;
  • on the premises or in buildings of a college-level educational institution, with the exception of student residences;
  • on the grounds and in the facilities of a childcare centre or day care centre; on the grounds, premises or in buildings used for detention.

For more information, see the other terms and conditions of possession on the Cannabis Regulation Act page.

Cannabis cultivation

Prohibition of cannabis cultivation

It is prohibited to cultivate cannabis for personal use. Of note is that it is also prohibited to possess a cannabis plant for personal use.

Cannabis consumption

Prohibition of smoking or vaping cannabis where it is now prohibited to smoke or to vape tobacco

In addition to the above, it is prohibited:

  • on the grounds of health and social services institutions;
  • on the grounds of Cegeps and universities;
  • on bicycle paths;
  • in bus shelters and in shared transportation waiting areas.

Other cannabis restrictions may apply depending on your municipality. Contact your municipality for details. 

For the full list of places where consumption is prohibited, see the detailed list of restricted use of cannabis.

Highway safety

Zero tolerance

It is prohibited for any person to drive a road vehicle or to have care or control of a road vehicle if there is a detectable presence of cannabis or other drug in the person’s saliva.

For more information, see the amendments to the Highway Safety Code related to the legislation on cannabis.

Sale of cannabis

Constitution of the Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC)

Only the SQDC is authorized for the retail sale of cannabis in Québec.

No sale to persons under 18 years of age

A minor may not be admitted to a cannabis retail outlet. In addition, it is prohibited to sell cannabis to a minor or to an adult buying for a minor and a minor is prohibited from buying cannabis.

Purchase of 30 grams maximum per visit to the SQDC

It is prohibited to sell more than the equivalent of 30 grams of dried cannabis to a buyer in the course of one visit.

Types of cannabis for sale

Only the following types of cannabis may be sold:

  • dried cannabis;
  • cannabis oil;
  • fresh cannabis.

Other terms and conditions of sale

Other terms and conditions regulate the sale of cannabis. For more information, see the Cannabis Regulation Act page.


Safe workplaces

The Cannabis Regulation Act stipulates that an employer may, pursuant to the employer’s managerial prerogative, regulate the use of cannabis, and even prohibit it entirely. Amendments have been made to clarify the Act respecting occupational health and safety.

Other terms and conditions

Other terms and conditions regulate cannabis in Québec. For more information, see the pages on the Cannabis Regulation Act, the Act respecting the Société des alcools du Québec and the Amendments made to the Highway Safety Code in relation to the legislation.

Last update: December 5, 2018 1:30 PM